The development of criminal justice in transition from the ius commune to the criminal law of the nation-state

Research Project

The French Code Pénal of 1810 in the German translation published and translated by Th. Hartleben in 1811

The project investigates the changes of criminal justice – as system of norms, institutions, procedures, punishment, and criminal policy – in Europe from the mid-18th century to the 19th century. Along with developments such as the codification of criminal law, the differentiation of criminal law science and the changes concerning judiciary, punishment, criminal policy and police law, under scrutiny are also practices of extra-judicial and infra-judicial of conflict regulation such as mediation and pardon as well as the representation of crime and justice in popular media. Research is carried out in cooperation with the Kunsthistorisches Institut/Max-Planck-Institut Florenz, the University of Valencia (Faculty of Law) and the DFG Collaborative Research Centre/Transregio 138 "Dynamics of Security. Types of Securitization from a Historical Perspective" (Marburg/Gießen). Recent case studies investigate the relation between police law, political police and the codification of criminal law, the transnational influence of the French Code pénal of 1810; the dissemination of criminal codes and their alternatives through popular media in the age of enlightenment and revolution and the importance of ‚social defence‘ and transnational criminal law for the network of positivist criminology (1871-1918).

 

Publications

1.
Karl Härter, "The Influence of the Napoleonic Penal Code on the Development of Criminal Law in Germany: Juridical Discourses, Legal Transfer and Codification", in The Western Codification of Criminal Law: A Revision of the Myth of its Predominant French Influence, edited by Aniceto Masferrer (Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2018), pp. 53-75.
2.
Karl Härter, "Feuerbach, das Bayerische Strafgesetzbuch von 1813 und das Polizeistrafrecht", in Feuerbachs Bayerisches Strafgesetzbuch. Die Geburt liberalen, modernen und rationalen Strafrechts, edited by Arnd Koch, Michael Kubiciel, Martin Löhnig, and Michael Pawlik (Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, 2014), pp. 129-147.
3.
Karl Härter, "Schlichtung, Intervention und politische Polizei: Verfassungsschutz und innere Sicherheit im Deutschen Bund", in Schutz der Verfassung: Normen, Institutionen, Höchst- und Verfassungsgerichte. Tagung der Vereinigung für Verfassungsgeschichte in Hofgeismar vom 12. bis 14. März 2012, edited by Thomas Simon and Johannes Kalwoda (Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, 2013), pp. 129-154.
4.
Karl Härter, "Violent Crimes and Retaliation in the European Criminal Justice System between the Seventeenth and Nineteenth Century", in Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Research Paper Series, (2013), Vol. 2013-01, pp. 17.
5.
Karl Härter, "Die Folter als Instrument policeylicher Ermittlung im inquisitorischen Untersuchungs- und Strafverfahren des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts", in Die Geschichte Folter seit ihrer Abschaffung, edited by Karsten Altenhain and Nicola Willenberg (V & R Unipress, Göttingen, 2011), pp. 83-114.
6.
Karl Härter (ed) and Cecilia Nubola (ed), "Grazia e giustizia. Figure della clemenza fra tardo medioevo ed età contemporanea", in Annali dell'Istituto Storico Italo-Germanico in Trento: Quaderni, (2011), Vol. 81, pp. 627.
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