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Cover illustration: Christian Pogies, Frankfurt am Main (Illustration taken from: Gregorio de Robles, América a fines del siglo XVII. Noticias de los lugares de contrabando; Introducción de Víctor Tau Anzoátegui, Valladolid: Seminario Americanista de la Universidad de Valladolid, 1980, p. 10) Zoom Image
Cover illustration: Christian Pogies, Frankfurt am Main (Illustration taken from: Gregorio de Robles, América a fines del siglo XVII. Noticias de los lugares de contrabando; Introducción de Víctor Tau Anzoátegui, Valladolid: Seminario Americanista de la Universidad de Valladolid, 1980, p. 10) [less]

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Global Perspectives on Legal History 7

El Jurista en el Nuevo Mundo

Pensamiento. Doctrina. Mentalidad

Víctor Tau Anzoátegui

Global Perspectives on Legal History 7
Frankfurt am Main: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History 2016. X, 270 p.
printed Version: 14,19 Euro | online version: Open Access

ISSN 2196-9752
ISBN 978-3-944773-06-3

Persistent Link to the Online-Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.12946/gplh7


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The present work addresses the history of Derecho Indiano (Spanish Colonial Law) and proposes to examine the role played by Indiano-Castilian jurists in the New World as creators and enforcers of a science and the practice of law. They were given the task of organising and developing public authorities as well as the new society, and in their engagement with the temporary institutions, they were confronted with realities and situations as diverse as they themselves proclaimed them to be. The works brought together in this volume originally appeared in journals and collected works from different countries, and they are now being presented here in a revised edition.

Castile was the kingdom overseeing the expansion across the Atlantic; an expansion to lands and peoples unknown to Europeans up till that point in time. The jurists who worked under these new and challenging circumstances belonged to the Castilian tradition, and they were immersed in this tradition not only due to their university education, but also as a result of their cultural environment and the very structure of the governing bodies and justice system of the kingdom. The confrontation with a reality that was, in so many respects, different from that of the Peninsular – as could already clearly be seen in accounts written by conquistadors, missionaries and the authorities from the early days – encouraged jurists to search for solutions to the new problems that had arisen. Over the years, this led to the creation of what would eventually shape a heterogeneously composed normative corpus, both in civil and canon terms. The differences between the Indiano and Castilian systems were marked to the point that it became a widely accepted truth that the Indiano order could not be fully understood or taken into account either by the advisors of Castile or the lawyers who travelled to the Americas with no prior knowledge of this particular law.

Jurists who were born or based in the Indiano provinces would often come to discover the “constitutional discourse” of the monarchy; in other words, they experienced the unfolding plot, so to speak, not through theory, but rather through the impetus provided by the possible solutions to the numerous issues that had arisen. Although Castilian legal literature, which exerted a powerful influence, was present and being circulated throughout the Americas, preferences when it came to specific authors and legal bodies were as different as the readings and interpretations made of them. Several criteria both general and specific in nature took shape. Consequently, “local contexts”, for example, were often discussed in the application of general norms and the “customary background” was similarly taken into account.

Índice

Prólogo
IX

  • Introducción: Entre Castilla y las Indias
    1
  1. La idea de Derecho en la colonización española en América
    25
  1. ¿Humanismo Jurídico en el Mundo Hispánico?

    A propósito de unas reflexiones de Helmut Coing
    35
  1. El Gobierno del Perú de Juan de Matienzo.

    En la senda del humanismo jurídico
    45
  1. La Víctima Real Legal de Álvarez de Abreu en el pensamiento indiano
    71
  1. La doctrina de los autores como fuente

    del Derecho castellano-indiano
    97
  1. Entre leyes, glosas y comentos.

    El episodio de la Recopilación de Indias
    147
  1. El ejemplar, otro modo de creación jurídica indiana
    167
  1. La noción de Justicia en la Política Indiana de Solórzano
    193
  1. La variedad indiana,

    una clave de la concepción jurídica de Juan de Solórzano
    207
  1. La disimulación en el Derecho Indiano
    223
  1. El Abogado del Cabildo de Buenos Aires durante el Virreinato
    245
 
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