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LOEWE Research Focus “Extrajudicial and Judicial Conflict Resolution”


The new LOEWE Research Focus "Extrajudicial and Judicial Conflict Resolution" will begin work on January 1st 2012, in Frankfurt am Main. Its establishment was agreed in Summer 2011 as part of the fourth tranche of funding from the State of Hessen's Offensive for the Development of Scientific and Economic Excellence (Hessische Landes-Offensive zur Entwicklung Wissenschaftlich-ökonomischer Exzellenz - LOEWE), for an initial funding period of three years at a total of EUR 3.4 million. After a successful evaluation in the year 2014 the project is completed. Several ongoing activities are still funded during the year 2015.

The Research Focus consists of joint research between 17 academics from the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History (MPIeR), the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University and the Frankfurt am Main University of Applied Sciences. The Society for Imperial Chamber Court Research (Wetzlar) is an associated partner.

The central concern of the joint research project is interdisciplinary and international analysis of conflicts, conflict activities and conflict resolution from a comparative, intercultural and historical perspective. The ultimate aim is to develop models, types and modes of conflict and conflict resolution, in order to create the foundation for the formation of historically and empirically based theories in conflict research. It is essentially an initiative led by the legal historians at the Goethe University and the MPIeR, Prof. Dr. Albrecht Cordes, Prof. Dr. Thomas Duve and Prof. Dr. Guido Pfeifer, who approached colleagues in Faculties 08 and 09, at the University of Applied Sciences and at the Society for Imperial Chamber Court Research. This undertaking is supported by the traditionally strong position of legal history in Frankfurt am Main.

The Research Focus has a wide range of topics, both in terms of time and geographically. The individual research projects include such wide-ranging areas as the ancient Near East; Hellenistic Egypt; Europe as a trading location in the Middle Ages and early modern period; the New World in the 16th Century; the cities of Europe in the early modern period; the "Old Reich" and its territories; England in the 18th and 19th Centuries; Germany; international law in the 19th and 20th Centuries; China in the late imperial era; the United States; and today's Japan. The structural knowledge on which the consciously interdisciplinary work of the Research Focus is based is not intended to remain merely the subject of basic research, but to be included in discussions regarding practical solutions. Via an expert council formed from practitioners in extrajudicial and judicial conflict resolution, the academics in the Research Focus hope to integrate their results into discussions with the actors who work on the structure of decision-making systems and who are involved in conflict resolution processes on a daily basis. This will put an innovative instrument of academic-political-social dialogue for arts, social and cultural sciences to the test.

Projects of the MPI in this Research Focus:

  • Rechtsschutz im hellenistischen Ägypten (Nadine Grotkamp, anfänglich MPI, dann Universität Frankfurt a. M.)
  • Rügebräuche und Recht – Konfliktaustrag im Spannungsfeld zwischen sozialen und rechtlichen Verfahren in Rom (Anna Margarete Seelentag)
  • Konfliktlösung durch kirchliche Autoritäten in der Neuen Welt im 16. Jahrhundert (Thomas Duve)
  • Staatlich-private Interessenaustarierung durch Schiedsinstitutionen im Deutschland des Kaiserreichs und der Weimarer Republik (Peter Collin)
  • Konfliktlösung im Völkerrecht (Milos Vec, anfänglich MPI, dann Universität Wien)
  • Nachwuchsgruppe Kanonistik und Moraltheologie in der frühen Neuzeit (Wim Decock / Paolo Astorri / David Harbecke / Oscar Hernandez / Osvaldo Moutin / Rafael Van Damme)
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