Trueque (DCH) (Barter (DCH))
The article studies the barter contract in Spanish America and the Philippines between the 16th and 18th centuries. It addresses the barter of properly diverse things, currency exchange, and finally, the exchange of things of the Church and ecclesiastical benefits. It is analyzed, where and who could exchange their products. What tools could be exercised in the event of non-compliance by one of the parties is studied. In addition to this, two institutes linked to the lawfulness of this exchange are also reviewed, on the one hand, when the obligation to restitute procedure, and on the other, the figure of the faithful executor as royal delegate. Within the barter genre, the type of currency exchange is addressed, especially professional exchangers and the exchange rates they carried out, such as small exchange for letters, and dry, which in the latter was usury. Another main actor investigated are the currency deposit banks. Finally, the exchange of things of the Church and that of the ecclesiastical benefits are addressed. Both figures study what adequate goods or benefits to be alienated, their necessary requirements for contractual validity, and the related archetypes used by the Church at the time of study.