Socio-Legal Analysis of Community Dispute Resolution in India
This research project aims to study the socio-legal systems of dispute resolution that existed amongst the Dravidian and Tribal communities of pre-colonial and colonial South India. Though not as extensive as the Sanskrit texts, various Dravidian linguistic works (such as the Sangam literature, the Silappatikaram etc.) and various folk/tribal songs throw light on these systems. Apparently those systems had various well-developed grass-root level tribunals functioning on the broad basis of natural justice which were manned by people with knowledge of local customs and habits, perceptions and values, familiar with the ways of living and convictions of the parties before them. However, these systems were uprooted by the colonial rule in India that premised on an ideology of civilizing the natives.