Diversity as a Legal Term in the Social Standard System of the International Labour Organisation
The history of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and in particular the use of the legal concept of disadvantaged groups and the shaping of legal categories has been to date the subject of little research. The expert discourse within the framework of the process of standardization and the interpretations are all the more interesting because they entail significant consequences when it comes to the formation and development of identity concerning these groups. One important question to be ask is which legal mechanisms did the ILO use to attempt to identify specific groups in the minimum social security standards. The aim of this project is not only to provide an overview of the public assistance benefits concerning disadvantaged groups – in particular the indigenous peoples, but also to clarify the salient questions regarding reason for the assistance, the focus of the assistance, and the efficient service provision. While the law of indigenous peoples indeed is the subject of ILO- regulations, it is not at the core of the ILO labor standards (International Labor Organisation- Declaration of Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work in 1998). Yet, it is precisely this interplay between global and nations discourses that makes this case so interesting and worthy of investigation.